How A Gas Compressor Station Works

Compressor Station in the Powder River Basin

Compressor Station in the Powder River Basin, Photo by Jeremy Buckingham

What is a Natural Gas Compressor Station?

The natural gas compressor station plays a vital role in the oil and gas industry. Companies construct these stations along natural gas pipelines and use them to compress gas so it can continue flowing downstream to its final destination, which may be a processing facility, a storage tank, or retail or utility companies.

There are a few key components that comprise a typical station:

  • Compressor. A compressor is a large engine that uses positive displacement to compress gas. A compressor station may have one or multiple compressors on site. Of course, this depends on pipeline needs.
  • Scrubbers and filters. Compressor stations also use scrubbers and filters to knock out water, impurities, and hydrocarbons.
  • Gas cooling systems. Compressing natural gas causes its temperature to rise. Midstream companies often run the gas through gas cooling systems that lower the gas temperature in order to prevent pipeline damage.

Where are Natural Gas Compressor Stations?

Natural Gas Compressor Stations can be found in numerous places across the United States. natural gas compressor station map

In this natural gas compressor station map, the blue lines are interstate pipelines. Like an interstate highway, these go across states. 

The gray lines are intrastate, meaning they serve local regions. 

Each red square represents a compressor station. They are located approximately every 40-100 miles depending on the factors like volume, pipeline diameter, terrain and destination.

Kimray Products for a Gas Compressor

Kimray’s line of midstream solutions—including ball valves, linear and rotary control valves, and actuators—provide accurate regulation of a natural gas compressor station.

The Kimray Balanced Regulator is also an ideal solution for holding a tight suction control on a compressor inlet. This regulator is designed to keep your inlet pressure steady even when the upstream pressure is more volatile.  


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